SSL is a little acryonym that every site owner should know about. If it is a new concept to you, don’t sweat it – this page has all the details you need to keep your site secure.
SSL (Secure Sockets Layer), is a protocol used to secure and encrypt communication between computers. Take a look at the address bar of your computer, next to the URL. If you’re using Chrome or Firefox, there’s usually a little padlock and the word “Secure”. Safari also uses a padlock, but it’ll be grey. Familiar?
SSL Certificates require each party involved in the transfer of data to generate a public and private key paid. Think of SSL like a lock on a door: anyone can walk up to the a door, inspect the lock, and even try to open it with their own key, but only the right key will actually unlock it. In this analogy, the door locks are public keys, because they’re visible and public. Private keys are used to unlock the public keys. If you know a persons public key, you can encrypt a message using it that only they will be able to decrypt and read.
Types of SSL
This certificate only verifies the domain name, not your company. The Certificate Authority will provide a file to be placed within the website. This can be issued almost immediately. This type is not ideal for commercial purposes.
Extra documentation about the business are needed for this certificate, and guidelines are set by the Certificate Authority for the server. The company name is listed in the certificate, and the organization will show in the address bar. The finctions are similar to the Organization Validated Certificate, and takes around 10 business days to issue.
Both your business and domain will be verified by the Certificate Authority, providing the Secure padlock and HTTPS protocol. This is the most common certificate as it provides the best security and trust at a reasonable price. The certificate is issued within 2 days.